Favorite Flys “Fly Tying Terms”

Welcome to the Fly Tying Terms section. We hope this section enables and encourages you to become a fly tyer, or to enhance your fly tying skills.

From Perrault's Standard Dictionary of Fishing Flies
by Keith E. Perrault
Terms — T
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[ H ] [ I ] [ J ] [ K ] [ L ] [ M ] [ N ] [ O ] [ P ]
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~ T ~
Narrow winding under and behind tail, of tinsel, floss, fur, or other material. Sometimes refers to a short tail as a tag-tail.

A short tail section usually of wool or floss or feather, either used in place of a tail but sometimes used above the tail. In that case it is called a tail "top."

Tail Materials:
A listing, partial, of the many materials that can be used for tailing flies: Pheasant tail and tippets, crests, Turkey, Grouse, Partridge, Macaw, Animal hairs, Herls, Hackle ribs, Bristles and many others. See - Materials.

Color: Reddish Orange.

Tapered Body:
Fly bodies are tapered usually small at the tail and larger at the head end. Some are tapered in cigar shape, small on each end with larger area in the center. Tapering is an effect to match the body shape of the insect being represented.

Color - Tan, brown, reddish yellow.

T.D.E. or TDE:
Turned Down Eye of a hook.

When term is used alone, usually refers to the white and black barred side or flank feathers. The bird, a duck, provides many different feathers for fly tying.

Term given in England to the process of picking out the guard hairs or fur bodies or wool bodies to create a semblence of legs or a larger thorax on some flies such as nymphs. Also - Tease.

Tail feather.

That portion of the body of a fly between the head and the abdomen. Usually larger in thickness than the abdomen. From this area, wings, legs and most fore hackle emanate.

Thorax Fly:
Dry fly tied in coventional manner, but the hackle is clipped off at the bottom side to gie un-obscured view of under body. Wings are usually one clump type but may be two hackle sections. Tails are spread in a "V" for better floatation. Similar in design to the Swisher/Richards "para" series. The wings and hackles of Thorax flies are tied in near the upper middle of the body. *Publishers note: Thorax Fly is the original name given by Vince Marinaro to to particular method of tying a dry fly where the hackle is wrapped in an "X" manner over the thorax at the middle of the hook, and is not clipped. This produces a footprint pattern on the surface of the water, very similiar to the footprints of natural insects.

The area just behind the head and under side of a fly. This is the area where beard or chin is affixed.

One who makes fishing flies. Sometimes improperly spelled tyer. See also - Dresser.

A metallic shiny ribbon or thread wrapped with the metallic ribbon used in ribbing of flies. May be plastic, such as Mylar or Lurex. Usually comes in silver, gold, green blue and red. Forms are various widths of flat, round and oval. May also be several stranded. Available also in twist, embossed, rope and lace.

Narrow winding of floss, tinsel, or other material immediately behind the body. Tip winding usually partially encircles the tail. See also - Tag.

Term applied to breast feathers and neck feathers of the Golden Pheasant. Colors range from yellow-gold to deep reddish-gold with two black bars. Used as a whole feather it is called a tippet. When a few fibers are used they are called tippets. Found in fly tails, wings and shoulders. One or two fly patterns call for hackling of tippet. Whole feathers are used in wings of many salmon flies.

Refers to top portion of tail dressing. Example: Gray Wing feather sections with red wing feather section over, or on the top.

A long feather or feathers placed on the very top of a wing section on flies. Golden Pheasant crest is used predominently on salmon flies. Also referred to as the 'crest' of a fly.

Topping Wings:
Found on salmon flies. Entire wing is formed by using Golden Pheasant crest feathers. Rare.

This rare Cebtral American bird provides feathers of orange, yellow and red. Used in salmon and some trout wet flies. Substitute with dyed small hen neck feathers.

N/A A feather.

Tragopan Pheasant:
Feathers from this rare Asian bird are from deep red to light orange and have a dot. Used for wings and shoulders. Nice effect if you are fortunate eough to find some.

Short feather or other material tied in just behind center or other joint, one on top and one on the bottom. Usually found on salmon patterns. Some salmon flies have two sets or more of trailers behind each joint. See also - Veiling.

Trapped Wing:
See - Stillborn.

Treatyse Flies:
1. Dun Fly.
2. Dun Fly (Donne).
3. Red Spinner.
4. Yellow Fly.
5. Dun Cut.
6. Stone Fly.
7. Maure Fly.
8. Tandy Fly.
9. Wasp Fly.
10. Drake Fly.
11. Shell Fly.
12. Black Louper.

Sometimes referred to as "Caenis", Midge flies in the 20 to 28 sizes, in Duns, Spiners and Nymphs. See Midge listing.

Trimmed Hackle:
Hackle which has been spread, then the fibers trimmed or cut off to a shorter length. A large hackle can be trimmed to fit a much smaller fly. Trimmed hackles may alter the esthetic appearance of the fly, but seem not to effect its fishing qualities.

Trude flies are customarily tied with hair wings.

Tube Flies:
Basic fly pattern of most any kind tied on a tube or hollow straw. This is slid onto the leader before attaching a bare hook. Tube dressing will slide over hook shank while being fish. Used on both fresh and salt water flies. Works better when using double hooks.

Turned Up Eye hook.

Refers to tinsel thread, either gold or silver.

Twist Tinsel:
Two strands of tinseled thread, twisted together. If three strands are twisted together, it may be called Lace Tinsel.

Twist Wrap:
Procedure of forming fly bodies with use of feathers, fibers or other material by twisting it and the winding thread together to produce body material. One very good purpose is to strengthen certain body materials such as Peacock herl.

Small, short floss, wool or other substace placed just over tail dressing on some old style salmon flies. See - Top.

Tying Thread:
Threads of silk, Nylon, Nylo or wire used to bind the various parts of a fly onto a hook. Commercially, threads can be purchased in sizes from very fine to heavy and used according to the size of hook or fly being tied. Size identifications vary with manufacturer, but usually follow a number pattern with the 6/0, 4/0, 2/0 smaller in diameter than the whole numbers 1, 2, 3, etc., with 6/0 being very fine, and #4 quite thick. Letter designations also are used with 000 being very, very fine, then 00, then 0, then A, then B, C, and D progressively coarser and stronger. Size E is usually considered strong enough to wrap guides onto Ocean rods. Threads are usually waxed before used for tying and now most threads can be purchased pre-waxed if desired. Other commercial threads such as Nylo (Trade Name) are now being produced, these are synthetics such as Nylon thread.

Commercial man-made hair used for winging, tails and hackle materisl. Similar to FisHair. Both names being trade names.

Type, Fly:
Gives further information about the general appearance or use of a fly, as: Wet, Dry, Nymph, Weighted, Terrestrial, Fore and Aft, Reverse, Reverse Hackle, Bivisible, etc.

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