January 17th, 2005|
Q. : With the spring run coming, what is the best way of telling the difference between a fresh silver brown trout and an Atlantic salmon? I think I know, but I want to be positive.
The Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar,
is the closest native relative of the brown trout,
Salmo trutta. There are some differences
in the spots on the two species, but these are not
always easy to distinguish. The best distinguishing
characteristics are the shape of the tail and the
length of the upper jaw. The brown generally has
a square or even slightly rounded tail; the Atlantic
salmon's tail is forked. The maxilla, or upper jaw,
of the brown trout extends well behind the eye; that
of the Atlantic salmon terminates below the center
of the eye.
One other feature found only in the brown trout
is two zigzgag rows of well-developed teeth on
the vomer, the raised shaft of bone in the center
of the roof of the mouth.
One other feature found only in the brown trout is two zigzgag rows of well-developed teeth on the vomer, the raised shaft of bone in the center of the roof of the mouth.
~ C. E. (Bert) Cushing, aka Streamdoctor
105 W. Cherokee Dr.
Estes Park, CO 80517
The 'Stream Doctor' is a retired professional stream ecologist and author, now living in the West and spending way too much time fly-fishing. You are invited to submit questions relating to anything stream related directly to him for use in this Q & A Feature at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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